The region which was home to the first civilizations and states of the Tigris and Euphrates river valley systems became known by its Greek name, Mesopotamia or “land between the rivers.”
This region was subject to occasional floods which enriched the soil making agriculture possible. The region also had a great deal of mineral wealth:
A number of societies and states dominated different parts of this region beginning around 8000 to 10000 BCE and extending into the period of larger empires such as the Neo . Some examples of the historical evidence from this area and period are below.