The World Between Two Wars

The years between the two world wars–1919 and 1939–saw a number of crises.

Some of these were economic, such as the Great Depression. Some were political, such as the rise of new, militaristic governments in Europe and Asia.

The following documents provide some insight into the world between the wars.

Chiang Kai Shek- “Essentials of the New Life Movement” (at Columbia’s Asia for Educators site)

Japan: “Fundamentals of our National Polity” (at Columbia’s Asia for Educators site)

Benito Mussolini: “What is Fascism?”

Adolf Hitler: Speech from April 12, 1921

Questions to consider:

  1. What issues face Italy and Germany according to these documents?
  2. Who, if anyone, is responsible for the issues facing these nations?
  3. What similarities or differences exist between all four of these visions of nationalism and progress?