Despite the foreign origins of the Qing dynasty, the overall system of government remained under the control of scholar-gentlemen trained and tested in Confucian philosophies.
The following excerpt, “On the Duties of an Official,” provides an glimpse into the scope of government in China during the 18th century.
ON THE DUTIES OF AN OFFICIAL By Chen Hongmou (via Columbia University’s Asia for Educators site)
By the late 1500s, China’s Ming Dynasty had existed for nearly three centuries. As it had for centuries, China’s imperial government was based around a Confucian understanding of the importance of order and proper behavior.
The Mongols were the most devastating of the nomadic warriors from Central Asia.
The “Hundred Masters” period in East Asia arose during the end of the Zhou dynasty and refers to a period of philosophical and political thought which sought, among other things, the best way to govern. Overall, the period lasted roughly between 600 and 200 BCE.