- Marriage is no excuse for not loving.
- He who is not jealous can not love.
- No one can be bound by two loves.
- Love is always growing or diminishing.
- It is not good for one lover to take anything against the will of the other.
- A male cannot love until he has fully reached puberty.
- Two years of mourning for a dead lover are prescribed for surviving lovers.
- No one should be deprived of love without a valid reason.
- No one can love who is not driven to do so by the power of love.
- Love always departs from the dwelling place of avarice.
- It is not proper to love one whom one would be ashamed to marry.
- The true lover never desires the embraces of any save his lover.
- Love rarely lasts when it is revealed.
- An easy attainment makes love contemptible; a difficult one
- makes it more dear.
- Every lover turns pale in the presence of his beloved.
- When a lover suddenly has sight of his beloved, his heart beats wildly.
- A new love expels an old one.
- Moral integrity alone makes one worthy of love.
- If love diminishes, it quickly leaves and rarely revives.
- A lover is always fearful.
- True jealousy always increases the effects of love.
- If a lover suspects another, jealousy and the effects of love increase.
- He who is vexed by the thoughts of love eats little and seldom sleeps.
- Every action of a lover ends in the thought of his beloved.
- The true lover believes only that which he thinks will please his beloved.
- Love can deny nothing to love.
- A lover can never have enough of the embraces of his beloved.
- The slightest suspicion incites the lover to suspect the worse of his beloved.
- He who suffers from an excess of passion is not suited to love.
- The true lover is continuously obsessed with the image of his beloved.
- Nothing prevents a woman from being loved by two men, or a man from being loved by two women.
Excerpted from Andreas Capellanus. On Love, ed. with an English trans. by P.G. Walsh, London, 1982 [PA 8250.A236 D413 1982] via The Geoffrey Chaucer Page.
The women’s rights movement–like other civil rights movements–continued beyond the 1960s. In this 1970 piece from the Washington Post, activist Gloria Steinem argues for the continuation of the fight for women’s liberation.
The women’s movement, like the African American civil rights movement, took to the streets in the 1960s to demonstrate for their goals. One of these demonstrations, in Atlantic City, New Jersey in 1968, protested that year’s Miss America pageant.
During the Second World War, American women took on roles generally considered reserved for men.
During the Great Depression, even workers with employment often found themselves in desperate situations.
On March 25, 1911, a fire in the Triangle Shirtwaist factory in New York City killed 146 workers, mostly young women. The accounts of the survivors and witnesses, along with the unsafe conditions which prevented more of the workers from escaping the blaze helped fuel industrial safety regulations during the Progressive era.
Margaret Sanger (1879-1966) was one of the pioneers of the birth control movement. Her writings, as seen here with her magazine The Woman Rebel caused her to run afoul of postal authorities who were bound by laws at the time to confiscate and destroy any material sent through the mail that was judged “obscene.”
During the 1920s, American culture became increasingly centered on mass media (including records, radio, and movies) and mass consumption (devices to play records and listen to radio, fashionable clothes, and a more expensive, more extensive selection of automobiles).
The new factory manufacturing of the 19th century resulted in massive changes to the working lives of Europeans. Labor conditions were far more dangerous and strenuous than the traditional agricultural labor. In 1832, the UK Parliament held hearings (under David Sadler) to investigate abuses and concerns. Some excerpts from the testimony are below.
The Mongols were the most devastating of the nomadic warriors from Central Asia.